The mosquito Aedes albopictus, also called "tiger mosquito" was detected in the Aude in 2012. This mosquito, which carries the dengue virus and chikungunya, can not be eradicated. As in other departments of the south of France, the level 1 of the departmental control plan, developed under the authority of the Prefect, is now enabled in the Aude also. The General Council is responsible, with the support of the Regional Health Agency (ARS) and the interdepartmental Agreement for mosquito control of the Mediterranean coast (EID).
What is the tiger mosquito?
See image Grandle Aedes albopictus mosquito is a mosquito of tropical origin, also called "tiger mosquito" because of the stripes that run through his slender body.
It was detected during the summer of 2012 in the town of Narbonne and the motorway service area of Vinassan by the Interdepartmental Agreement for mosquito control of the Mediterranean coast (EID Méditerranée). Its presence is confirmed: despite delaying treatment, eggs were observed repeatedly over several traps nests deposited by the SIA, as well as larvae and adults around the traps.
In 2013, there are three towns settled in the Aude: Narbonne, Carcassonne and Vinassan. The eradication of this mosquito is not possible.
Is the tiger mosquito disease carrier?
No, the mosquito is not itself carrying the virus of dengue or chikungunya. It can transmit if it has bitten, previously an already infected person.
>There is no possible transmission of the virus between humans. Since its appearance in France, there were only four cases of dengue or chikungunya in the Var and Alpes-Maritimes in 2010.
How can we fight against the tiger mosquito?
The tiger mosquito is an urban mosquito. A massive mosquito control campaign therefore serve no purpose. The fight is personal.The goal is to eliminate its living spaces, its spawning and where its larvae develop. To eliminate mosquito larvae:
To reduce adult mosquito resting places:
What is the role of the authorities?
The General Council of the Aude has implemented a implantation monitor mosquito and struggle against its proliferation (entomological monitoring). It will decide the need for nest destruction operations and larvae and inform beforehand the people of the sectors concerned. These operations will be conducted by the EID Méditerranée. EID Méditerranée maintains and reports of nests traps to know the evolution and the degree of implementation of the mosquito. It provides health monitoring and advisory role to the public on the identification of the mosquito. She only at the request of the department; its mission is not to answer all the individual requests.
The Regional Health Agency in charge of epidemiological surveillance (human case study). Once the mosquito is said implanted in a department, ARS provides information and sensitization of health professionals, so they know to recognize the disease and treat those who have it.
How to recognize the dengue and chikungunya?
See image Grandil no direct transmission of the virus from person to person. They can be transmitted by a bite of a mosquito that has previously bitten an infected person.
In the Aude, there is no epidemic of dengue fever or chikungunya.
Dengue causes high fever accompanied by headache, body aches and a feeling of tiredness. So in most cases there are no complications, the disease can sometimes progress to severe forms (DHF in case of repeated infections).
There is no specific antiviral therapy or vaccine.
Absolute-cons indication aspirin. By its anti-platelet aggregating action, it can worsen the situation.
If onset CHF signs of bleeding disorders of consciousness or shock symptoms, urgent hospitalization is required.
Chikungunya causes high fever accompanied by headache. High fever suddenly appears accompanied by pain in the joints can be intense, mainly affecting the extremities (wrists, ankles, knuckles). The evolution is usually favorable, without sequelae, but it can progress to chronic phase marked by persistent pain. Acquired immunity is sustainable.
There is no specific antiviral treatment nor vaccine.
Treatment is symptomatic (analgesic, antipyretic).